Mata Gujri Ji

A Beacon of Strength and Devotion in Sikh History



Mata Gujri Ji, born in 1624, occupies a significant place in Sikh history as the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Her life is a compelling narrative of resilience, sacrifice, and unwavering devotion to the Sikh faith. In this exploration, we delve into the various facets of Mata Gujri Ji's life, from her early years to her role as a guiding force for her son, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Early Life and Marriage:

Mata Gujri Ji was born into the revered family of Bhai Lal Chand and Mata Bishan Kaur in 1624 in the holy city of Amritsar. From an early age, she exhibited qualities of piety and devotion, laying the foundation for a life deeply intertwined with spirituality. Her marriage to Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji further solidified her connection to Sikhism. Mata Gujri Ji's role as the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was marked by steadfast support and companionship. Together, they faced the challenges that came with the responsibilities of leading the Sikh community during a tumultuous period in Indian history. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's martyrdom in defense of religious freedom marked a turning point in Mata Gujri Ji's life.

Widowhood and Motherhood:

The martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji left Mata Gujri Ji widowed and responsible for nurturing their young children, including Guru Gobind Singh Ji. This period was characterized by political turmoil and religious persecution, yet Mata Gujri Ji stood resolute in the face of adversity. Her unwavering faith and commitment to Sikh principles provided a beacon of hope for the Sikh community. Mata Gujri Ji's role as a mother during these trying times showcased her strength and resilience. She played a pivotal role in shaping the character and values of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, who would later become the tenth Sikh Guru. Mata Gujri Ji's influence on her son's spiritual and leadership development was profound, laying the groundwork for the transformational events that would follow.

Life in Anandpur Sahib:

After the establishment of Anandpur Sahib by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Mata Gujri Ji continued to play a central role in the Sikh community. Her residence, known as Mata Gujri Ji's house, became a sanctuary for devotees seeking spiritual guidance. Mata Gujri Ji's humility, compassion, and dedication to service endeared her to the Sikh sangat, fostering a sense of community and unity. During this period, Mata Gujri Ji faced the challenges of maintaining the principles of Sikhism amidst external pressures. The siege of Anandpur Sahib, instigated by the Mughal authorities, tested the resolve of Mata Gujri Ji and the Sikh community. Despite the hardships, Mata Gujri Ji remained steadfast, providing solace and strength to those around her.

Martyrdom at Sirhind:

The turning point in Mata Gujri Ji's life came during the fateful events at Sirhind. After the evacuation of Anandpur Sahib, Mata Gujri Ji, along with her two younger grandsons, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji, were captured by the Mughal forces. The cruelty meted out to them, including imprisonment in the cold Thanda Burj tower, symbolized the sacrifice borne by the family of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Mata Gujri Ji's resolve remained unbroken even in the face of adversity. Her unwavering faith in the Sikh principles of justice, equality, and freedom mirrored the teachings imparted by her husband, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. The martyrdom of the younger Sahibzadas, who chose death over conversion, stands as a poignant testament to Mata Gujri Ji's enduring legacy.

Legacy and Inspiration:

Mata Gujri Ji's life continues to inspire generations of Sikhs. Her unwavering commitment to Sikhism, her role as a nurturing mother, and her resilience in the face of persecution exemplify the core values of the Sikh faith. The sacrifices made by Mata Gujri Ji and her family serve as a reminder of the struggles faced by the Sikh community in their pursuit of religious freedom.


In the annals of Sikh history, Mata Gujri Ji's life shines as a beacon of strength, devotion, and sacrifice. From her early years in Amritsar to the tumultuous times in Anandpur Sahib and her eventual martyrdom at Sirhind, Mata Gujri Ji embodied the essence of Sikh principles. Her legacy lives on, inspiring Sikhs worldwide to uphold the values of justice, equality, and unwavering faith. Mata Gujri Ji's pivotal role as the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh Ji remains a testament to the indomitable spirit of Sikhism.